Attempt to Remove File Quarantine Attribute

Identifies a potential Gatekeeper bypass. In macOS, when applications or programs are downloaded from the internet, there is a quarantine flag set on the file. This attribute is read by Apple's Gatekeeper defense program at execution time. An adversary may disable this attribute to evade defenses.

Elastic rule (View on GitHub)

 1[metadata]
 2creation_date = "2020/08/14"
 3integration = ["endpoint"]
 4maturity = "production"
 5min_stack_comments = "New fields added: required_fields, related_integrations, setup"
 6min_stack_version = "8.3.0"
 7updated_date = "2023/11/15"
 8
 9[rule]
10author = ["Elastic"]
11description = """
12Identifies a potential Gatekeeper bypass. In macOS, when applications or programs are downloaded from the internet,
13there is a quarantine flag set on the file. This attribute is read by Apple's Gatekeeper defense program at execution
14time. An adversary may disable this attribute to evade defenses.
15"""
16from = "now-9m"
17index = ["logs-endpoint.events.*"]
18language = "eql"
19license = "Elastic License v2"
20name = "Attempt to Remove File Quarantine Attribute"
21references = [
22    "https://www.trendmicro.com/en_us/research/20/k/new-macos-backdoor-connected-to-oceanlotus-surfaces.html",
23    "https://ss64.com/osx/xattr.html",
24]
25risk_score = 47
26rule_id = "f0b48bbc-549e-4bcf-8ee0-a7a72586c6a7"
27setup = """
28
29This rule requires data coming in from Elastic Defend.
30
31### Elastic Defend Integration Setup
32Elastic Defend is integrated into the Elastic Agent using Fleet. Upon configuration, the integration allows the Elastic Agent to monitor events on your host and send data to the Elastic Security app.
33
34#### Prerequisite Requirements:
35- Fleet is required for Elastic Defend.
36- To configure Fleet Server refer to the [documentation](https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/fleet/current/fleet-server.html).
37
38#### The following steps should be executed in order to add the Elastic Defend integration on a macOS System:
39- Go to the Kibana home page and click "Add integrations".
40- In the query bar, search for "Elastic Defend" and select the integration to see more details about it.
41- Click "Add Elastic Defend".
42- Configure the integration name and optionally add a description.
43- Select the type of environment you want to protect, for MacOS it is recommended to select "Traditional Endpoints".
44- Select a configuration preset. Each preset comes with different default settings for Elastic Agent, you can further customize these later by configuring the Elastic Defend integration policy. [Helper guide](https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/security/current/configure-endpoint-integration-policy.html).
45- We suggest selecting "Complete EDR (Endpoint Detection and Response)" as a configuration setting, that provides "All events; all preventions"
46- Enter a name for the agent policy in "New agent policy name". If other agent policies already exist, you can click the "Existing hosts" tab and select an existing policy instead.
47For more details on Elastic Agent configuration settings, refer to the [helper guide](https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/fleet/current/agent-policy.html).
48- Click "Save and Continue".
49- To complete the integration, select "Add Elastic Agent to your hosts" and continue to the next section to install the Elastic Agent on your hosts.
50For more details on Elastic Defend refer to the [helper guide](https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/security/current/install-endpoint.html).
51
52"""
53severity = "medium"
54tags = ["Domain: Endpoint", "OS: macOS", "Use Case: Threat Detection", "Tactic: Defense Evasion", "Data Source: Elastic Defend"]
55timestamp_override = "event.ingested"
56type = "eql"
57
58query = '''
59process where host.os.type == "macos" and event.type in ("start", "process_started") and
60  process.name : "xattr" and
61  (
62    (process.args : "com.apple.quarantine" and process.args : ("-d", "-w")) or
63    (process.args : "-c") or
64    (process.command_line : ("/bin/bash -c xattr -c *", "/bin/zsh -c xattr -c *", "/bin/sh -c xattr -c *"))
65  ) and not process.args_count > 12
66'''
67
68
69[[rule.threat]]
70framework = "MITRE ATT&CK"
71[[rule.threat.technique]]
72id = "T1562"
73name = "Impair Defenses"
74reference = "https://attack.mitre.org/techniques/T1562/"
75[[rule.threat.technique.subtechnique]]
76id = "T1562.001"
77name = "Disable or Modify Tools"
78reference = "https://attack.mitre.org/techniques/T1562/001/"
79
80
81
82[rule.threat.tactic]
83id = "TA0005"
84name = "Defense Evasion"
85reference = "https://attack.mitre.org/tactics/TA0005/"

References

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