ESXI Discovery via Grep

Identifies instances where a process named 'grep', 'egrep', or 'pgrep' is started on a Linux system with arguments related to virtual machine (VM) files, such as "vmdk", "vmx", "vmxf", "vmsd", "vmsn", "vswp", "vmss", "nvram", or "vmem". These file extensions are associated with VM-related file formats, and their presence in grep command arguments may indicate that a threat actor is attempting to search for, analyze, or manipulate VM files on the system.

Elastic rule (View on GitHub)

 1[metadata]
 2creation_date = "2023/04/11"
 3integration = ["endpoint"]
 4maturity = "production"
 5min_stack_comments = "New fields added: required_fields, related_integrations, setup"
 6min_stack_version = "8.5.0"
 7updated_date = "2023/11/02"
 8
 9[rule]
10author = ["Elastic"]
11description = """
12Identifies instances where a process named 'grep', 'egrep', or 'pgrep' is started on a Linux system with arguments
13related to virtual machine (VM) files, such as "vmdk", "vmx", "vmxf", "vmsd", "vmsn", "vswp", "vmss", "nvram",
14or "vmem". These file extensions are associated with VM-related file formats, and their presence in grep command
15arguments may indicate that a threat actor is attempting to search for, analyze, or manipulate VM files on the system.
16"""
17from = "now-9m"
18index = ["logs-endpoint.events.*"]
19language = "eql"
20license = "Elastic License v2"
21name = "ESXI Discovery via Grep"
22references = [
23    "https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/massive-esxiargs-ransomware-attack-targets-vmware-esxi-servers-worldwide/",
24]
25risk_score = 47
26rule_id = "2b662e21-dc6e-461e-b5cf-a6eb9b235ec4"
27setup = """
28
29This rule requires data coming in from Elastic Defend.
30
31### Elastic Defend Integration Setup
32Elastic Defend is integrated into the Elastic Agent using Fleet. Upon configuration, the integration allows the Elastic Agent to monitor events on your host and send data to the Elastic Security app.
33
34#### Prerequisite Requirements:
35- Fleet is required for Elastic Defend.
36- To configure Fleet Server refer to the [documentation](https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/fleet/current/fleet-server.html).
37
38#### The following steps should be executed in order to add the Elastic Defend integration on a Linux System:
39- Go to the Kibana home page and click "Add integrations".
40- In the query bar, search for "Elastic Defend" and select the integration to see more details about it.
41- Click "Add Elastic Defend".
42- Configure the integration name and optionally add a description.
43- Select the type of environment you want to protect, either "Traditional Endpoints" or "Cloud Workloads".
44- Select a configuration preset. Each preset comes with different default settings for Elastic Agent, you can further customize these later by configuring the Elastic Defend integration policy. [Helper guide](https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/security/current/configure-endpoint-integration-policy.html).
45- We suggest selecting "Complete EDR (Endpoint Detection and Response)" as a configuration setting, that provides "All events; all preventions"
46- Enter a name for the agent policy in "New agent policy name". If other agent policies already exist, you can click the "Existing hosts" tab and select an existing policy instead.
47For more details on Elastic Agent configuration settings, refer to the [helper guide](https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/fleet/8.10/agent-policy.html).
48- Click "Save and Continue".
49- To complete the integration, select "Add Elastic Agent to your hosts" and continue to the next section to install the Elastic Agent on your hosts.
50For more details on Elastic Defend refer to the [helper guide](https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/security/current/install-endpoint.html).
51
52"""
53severity = "medium"
54tags = ["Domain: Endpoint", "OS: Linux", "Use Case: Threat Detection", "Tactic: Discovery", "Data Source: Elastic Defend"]
55timestamp_override = "event.ingested"
56type = "eql"
57query = '''
58process where host.os.type == "linux" and event.type == "start" and event.action == "exec" and
59process.name in ("grep", "egrep", "pgrep") and
60process.args in ("vmdk", "vmx", "vmxf", "vmsd", "vmsn", "vswp", "vmss", "nvram", "vmem")
61'''
62
63
64[[rule.threat]]
65framework = "MITRE ATT&CK"
66[[rule.threat.technique]]
67id = "T1518"
68name = "Software Discovery"
69reference = "https://attack.mitre.org/techniques/T1518/"
70
71
72[rule.threat.tactic]
73id = "TA0007"
74name = "Discovery"
75reference = "https://attack.mitre.org/tactics/TA0007/"```

References

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